Filling in gaps and removing contradictions in national and provincial legislation governing the conservation of steppe ecosystems
Rafilya T. Bakirova (Orenburg State Agrarian University, Orenburg)
A number of options for creating legal mechanisms aimed at protecting steppe areas are considered, bearing in mind that steppe is not considered a subject of law in Russian legislation.
A number of amendments and additions to the Land Code of the Russian Federation are suggested that would assist in conserving biodiversity on farmland. Additional provisions to federal legal acts that regulate changing the designation of land are proposed. One more option is to use provisions of the Land Planning Code to proclaim protected status for those areas with high conservation value.
At provincial, it is necessary to give a number of new responsibilities to Orenburg Provincial Government in the field of land resource management and to introduce legal norms for grazing pressure based on an officially-approved method of calculation. It is also advisable to set specific rules within regional legislation for using rangelands, to formulate additional responsibilities for rangeland owners, to promote incentives for sustainable land use practice, etc.
Work needs to start in drawing public attention to the legal problems facing the conservation of steppe communities and in stimulating wider discussion between all branches and levels of authorities NGOs and the scientific community.
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