The results of steppe restoration in the Kulikovo Pole (Kulikovo Field)
V.I. Danilov, O.V. Burova (Kulikovo Pole Museum, Tula, Russia)
The landscape restoration of the Field of Kulikovo’s battle is the main aim for the State Museum of Military History and Natural Reserve “Kulikovo Pole”. The restored landscape will become a notable monument of historical and cultural heritage of Russia and the main exhibit of the museum.
The native landscape of the Field is distinctly forested alternating with small tracks of a meadow steppe. Over the course of the past centuries the steppes here were completely ploughed and turned into arable lands. Now this territory was set aside. So the aim is to restore the steppe vegetation on the former fields. The first experiments on steppe communities’ restoration (1985¬-1999) showed the role of human activities in forming and conserving of a steppe vegetation structure. After close testing of different restoration modes, sowing of feather grass in wide strips with replanting of other herbs between it, is found to be the most successful. The experimental plantations served as a source for replanting of 75 wild species of steppe plants.
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